Article Abstract

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease

Authors: Donald E. Greydanus, Flora Bacopoulou


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an upper genital tract infection in females that is typically acquired via sexual activity. It usually is initiated by the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae and escalates into a polymicrobial infection from local genital tract flora. Research identifies various known risk factors including young age, immunopathology and others. This article reviews the epidemiology, differential diagnosis, management, and concepts of prevention for PID.