Endometriosis in adolescents

Jennifer Balun, Kathryn Dominick, Maria Demma Cabral, Debra Taubel


Endometriosis is a gynecologic disease commonly presenting as chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and can occur in adolescents. The exact pathogenesis is unknown, but several risk factors have been well identified. History and physical examination may provide clues in considering endometriosis, but the definitive diagnosis is surgically determined by performing a laparoscopy. There are different treatment modalities established with the main goal of controlling pain and preventing future complications such as infertility.